The outcomes of Habitat III must propel urbanisation issues into development policy, and seek to pave a path for culturally and contextually sensitive solutions that address the complex challenges of rapid urbanisation in the Pacific Islands.
Habitat III offers a chance to show the importance of sustainable urbanisation in fighting inequalities within and beyond cities. Although changes made towards more sustainable urbanisation patterns would yield immense climate co-benefits, the New Urban Agenda must be a framework that strengthens institutions and capabilities at the local and sub-national levels so they can lead the urban transformation.
Mitigation of and adaptation to heat stress must happen at all levels: regional, national, state, and especially at the city scale. While no city can address climate change on its own, building design, city layout, and land use are critical tools for managing heat exposure for urban dwellers, as are cross-sectoral response plans for more frequent and intense heatwaves.